(art)n Artists: 

Ellen Sandor, Stephan Meyers, Janine Fron and Craig Ahmer

Collaborative Artists: 

John Hart, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Special thanks to Dan Sandin and Tom DeFanti, Electronic Visualization Lab, School of Art and Design, University of Illinois at Chicago


Virtual Photograph


Cibachrome, Kodalith, Plexiglas


(art)n Virtual Photography, Rhona Hoffman Gallery, Chicago, IL, January 14, 1994–February 18, 1994

Sony Gallery, Chicago, IL, February 4, 1993–May 28, 1993

IMAGES DU FUTUR '92, Montréal, Canada, May 15, 1992–September 20, 1992

Electronic Expressions.2, Allegheny College, Meadville, PA, March 3, 1992–April 3, 1992

Computer and Art, idmi-Istituto Dalle Molle di Metodologie Interdisciplinari, Lugano, Switerzerland, September 18, 1991–October 6, 1991

13, Gallery 400, Chicago, IL, March, 1991

Science in Depth traveling show:
ACM SIGGRAPH, Chicago, IL, July 1992–August 1992
NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, December 1991–July 1992
Computer Museum, Boston, MA, February–September 1991
Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, IL, November 1990–January 1991



Various private collectors


Mattei, Maria Grazia, "Arte all'ennesima potenza" (article), Virtual, April 1994, pp. 31–34

Science in Depth catalogue, NASA Ames & Museum, Computer Museum & Museum of Science and Industry

NASA Ames Science in Depth video documentary

Beyond 2000, international syndication, Sydney, Australia, Summer 1991 (video)

Csuri, Charles A., "Science in Depth" (article), IEEE Computer Graphics and applications, March 1991, pp. 10–12

CNN, Cable Network News, "Science and Technology" international syndication, 1990 (video)

Wild Chicago, local syndication 1990 (video)


Detail from John Hart's Fractal Forest animation shown at the SIGGRAPH '91 Electronic Theatre.

This is a forest that existed only inside of a computer. It is made out of highly detailed (fractal ) shapes that look like objects in the real world, such as trees and grass. The elm trees are trunks with smaller elm trees growing out of them. The branches of the pine trees are smaller pine trees themselves. Each blade of grass is actually a tiny field of grass—so tiny that you cannot see them here. These objects are constructed from smaller copies of themselves. This is called "self-similarity", and is the way most fractals are made.