Ellen Sandor, Chris Kemp, and Diana Torres
Jennifer Raaf, Sam Zeller, Thomas Junk and the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Special Thanks Georgia Schwender, Kurt Riesselmann, and Anne Mary Teichert
Duratrans, Kodalth, Plexiglas
Neutrinos in a New Light: Selected Works of Art & Science, Fermilab Art Gallery, Batavia, IL, December 2, 2016-March 17, 2017: Exhibition Catalogue
Neutrinos in a New Light: Selected Works of Art & Science, Fermilab Art Gallery, Batavia, IL, December 2, 2016-March 17, 2017
When a massive star dies, it becomes a supernova, making the most powerful explosion known to occur in the universe. As the star runs out of nuclear fuel, the forces that support the star’s core weaken, and the core cannot withstand its own gravitational force. It collapses, creating a massive number of neutrinos that carry off the enormous amount of energy released by the collapse. Matter ows to the center of the core, and eventually the conditions within the collapsed core become so hot and dense that the star explodes into a very bright supernova.
The neutrinos escape from the exploding star hours or days before the light does, and these neutrinos can be detected and studied by neutri- no experiments on earth to give information about the very early stages of core collapse. This allows scientists to better understand the life cycle of stars through a path that is inaccessible to optical astronomy.